Exterior Drainage Pipe Explained
Eighty-five percent of structural damages that occur in homes can be attributed to poor drainage. As a homeowner, you can avoid costly repairs by installing an exterior drainage pipe.
What Is an Exterior Drainage Pipe?
An exterior drainpipe collects groundwater and directs it away from the foundation before it can cause any damage. It has perforations that allow water to drain in and out of the pipe. The pipe is usually buried in trenches all around the home’s perimeter at the base of the foundation footing.
There are different variations of exterior drainage pipes, including:
- French Drain:
This is a perforated pipe that is installed in the yard to drain standing water. A trench has to be dug away from the house before the drainpipe is installed. Gravel or some other porous material is used to fill in the trench before it’s covered with soil. Standing water in the soil then seeps into the French drain and drains away from your yard.
- Footing Drain:
This perforated pipe is installed at the bottom of the foundation footing. It collects water that would otherwise have seeped into the foundation walls. Like the French drain, the footing drain is buried in a trench. It’s then covered with a porous material.
Pros of Exterior Drainage
Although drainpipes may be expensive to install and maintain, they offer several benefits:
Prevents Water Accumulation:
When water pools around your home’s foundation, it can lead to a host of issues, including wall cracks and mold growth, among others. Exterior drainpipes are designed to help drain this water out and away from your basement.
Reduces Soil Erosion:
Stagnant water makes soil muddy, which causes it to erode. These pipes maintain how much moisture is in your soil, preventing erosion.
Cons of Exterior Drainage
Exterior drainpipes also have their downsides:
Installing exterior drainpipes is more troublesome and involves removing and replacing landscaping, sidewalks, decks, and porches.
Regular maintenance is a must to ensure your drainage system functions properly at all times. You must ensure your outlets are free from blockages caused by sediment buildup. You also need to ensure debris does not seal the inlet covers. If your pipes break, you have to replace them immediately.
Clogs & Fails Easily:
Washed-up soil and sediments can easily build up over time and eventually clog the drain. This will make the drain ineffective and lead to pipe failure.
What are the Best Alternatives?
Interior drainage systems like the BasementGutter™ system and sump pumps are longer-lasting alternatives to exterior drainpipes. Both systems are easy to install, safer, and more convenient than typical drainpipes on the outside.
The BasementGutter™ system sits in the subfloor atop the footing, instead of in dirt and mud. It collects any water that enters the basement and directs it to the sump pump, which ejects it outside. Ultimately, they keep your basement dry and protected from water damage.
Take comfort in knowing your home is properly protected with a reliable interior drainage system. Contact the local Groundworks experts to schedule a free inspection and repair quote. Our professionals can evaluate your home, recommend solutions best suited to its repair needs, and maintain these measures so the foundation stays safe and dry.