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A Timeline: Most Common Basement Problems

Taking care of a new home means committing to more than just your honey-do list. You’ll want to keep a close eye on your basement to keep the value of your home high.

Wet basement with peeling paint and wet floor

First-Year Problems 

Moving into a new home is exciting and overwhelming. In the rush, it’s easy to overlook the responsibility you bear toward your basement. If new homeowners fail to invest in protective measures for their basements, they may run into a plethora of home maintenance problems within their first year of residence. These problems can include but are not limited to: 

  • Humidity 

A basement that isn’t appropriately sealed is one that will let moisture into your home. Increased levels of interior humidity are more than just unpleasant. Higher humidity throughout your home can cause your walls to incubate mold and your home to become less stable. 

  • Flooding

The moisture your basement lets in can’t always be confined to your walls. If you don’t make a point of protecting your home from the get-go, you may rapidly find yourself contending with interior flooding. 

  • Pests

If water can make its way into your home, it won’t be long until insects and animals can do the same. A damaged basement is one that can rapidly become home to termites and other wood-eating insects, meaning your structural supports may be at risk. Similarly, rats and mice can eat away at your electrical cords, making it more difficult for you to maintain energy efficiency throughout your home.

Fifth-Year Problems 

Once you’ve settled into a routine at home, you may feel as though you’ve stopped up all the potential outlets for danger or damage that exist in your basement. This is not always the case. If you become complacent or forgo an annual basement inspection, your fifth year in a home may reveal basement problems like: 

  • Bowing walls

Walls, particularly concrete block walls, while sturdy, can fall victim to hydrostatic pressure. As exterior soil and water continue to push against the walls, they can easily crack and bow inward. Not only does this let water and pests inside, but this can turn deadly. If you haven’t taken care of a moisture problem in your home, you may find your walls leaning away from your foundation or caving in toward your basement floor. In either case, your home will suffer from severe structural damage. 

  • Uneven floors

If your foundation has begun to settle, your basement floor can begin to reflect that damage. Uneven basement floors may be fun for aspiring skateboarders, but they present an active danger to everyone in your home. 

  • Cracks in the walls and floors

Basement cracks tend to appear near your doors and window frames. These cracks may not be larger at first, but they can rapidly grow to the point where they threaten the stability of your home. In this same vein, cracks in your walls and floors can allow more moisture into your home, putting you at a higher risk for flooding and water damage. 

10th-Year Problems 

Ten years into homeownership, you may feel as though you’ve inspected every nook and cranny of your basement. There are still problems, however, that can reveal themselves 10 years into owning a home. Some of the long-term problems you may encounter with your basement include but are not limited to: 

  • Cracks in the walls and floors

Concrete, as it warms and cools, can expand over time, forcing your basement walls out of the proper positions. If you find yourself contending with concrete crawl, you may need to replace both the damaged concrete and any structural supports that said concrete has forced out of its proper position. 

  • Damaged structural supports

The damage done to your basement over the course of several years of ownership doesn’t stay confined within your basement. Instead, if you fail to treat the signs of damage you spotted earlier in your tenure, you may find yourself 10 years in and combating a fractured chimney or a settling foundation. 

Why Is Your Basement Damaged? 

Hydrostatic pressure is the primary force behind most of the basement damage that you may encounter. This pressure builds up outside of your home when water comes into contact with your basement’s building materials. That water causes your supports to change size on a molecular level. Those rapid changes can put your structural supports under significant stress. After some time, your supports may fracture, leaving you to contend with the damage and its side effects. 

Other forces that can threaten the structural integrity of your home include but are not limited to tree roots, unstable soil, pests, the use of inappropriate construction materials, and an improperly poured foundation or basement. 

Fix Up a Damaged Basement with Professional Help 

Are you having trouble keeping your basement in good condition, or do you want to get ahead of potential basement damage? The professional contractors serving your area can help. You can reach out to a contracting team today to schedule a home inspection and to look over a free services quote detailing what means may help you bring your basement back in line. 

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