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Glossary

F

Flaking

Similar to spalling. Concrete flaking involves the top layer of concrete peeling away from the hardened concrete.

Floor Drain

A floor drain is a plumbing drain installed in the floor to allow water to drain in the event of a plumbing leak or flood. They can also be the cause of basement leaks, so be sure to have them inspected by a plumbing professional.

Floor Joists

Floor joists are typically made of lumber and support the structure of the building. They are typically arranged parallel and go above the home’s beam or grinder. They support your home’s floor and the weight of everything above it including walls, furniture and appliances.

Footing

A footing is concrete poured into an excavated trench. Footings support the weight of the foundation by evenly distributing the load to avoid settlement.

Foundation

The area of your home that has contact with the ground and transfers the load from the above structure to the ground.

Foundation Settlement

The process occurs when the soil moves beneath your home. When soil shifts, a void is created, and the home sinks or settles into the soil.

Foundation Wall

A footing is concrete poured into an excavated trench. Footings support the weight of the foundation by evenly distributing the load to avoid settlement.

Freeze-Thaw Cycle

The freeze-thaw cycle refers to the process that occurs when water content in soil freezes. When water freezes, it expands putting pressure on anything it comes in contact with, when it melts a void is created. This process effects your foundation and the exterior concrete around your home. The better drainage system your home has, the less moisture is available to freeze in areas you don’t want it to.

FreezeGuard Discharge Line

An attachment added to your sump pumps discharge line just outside your home that allows water to escape in the event your pipes freeze.

French Drain

A French drain is a perforated pipe installed inside or outside your home to address water issues. A trench is dug and the pipe is installed. Gravel or rock is added to the trench before it is covered with soil or cement.

Frost Heaving

As the ground around your foundation freezes and expands it adheres to your foundation lifting it up. This creates a void beneath it. In the spring, when the ground thaws the foundation lowers again, but because the soil shifted to fill the void, there are now gaps around the foundation edges.